What it takes to start a Venture Capital Fund

What it takes to start a Venture Capital Fund

As a venture capitalist, you have the unique opportunity to be at the forefront of groundbreaking ideas, technologies, and businesses. By providing much-needed funding and support, you can help passionate entrepreneurs transform their dreams into reality, enabling them to create products and services that improve our lives and shape the world around us.

If you want to start your VC in Europe it has been making strides in recent years, with some great developments which is characterizing its landscape.

Diverse ecosystem: Europe's VC landscape is diverse, with investments spread across various countries and regions. The United Kingdom, Germany, France, and the Nordic countries have historically been the most prominent players in the European VC scene, but other countries such as Spain, Italy, and the Netherlands have been growing in importance.

Technology-driven sectors: European startups have been focusing on technology-driven sectors such as FinTech, HealthTech, Artificial Intelligence, CleanTech, and SaaS. These sectors have attracted a significant portion of the VC investments in the region, driving innovation and growth.

Growing startup hubs: London, Berlin, and Paris have long been the leading startup hubs in Europe, but other cities like Amsterdam, Stockholm, and Barcelona are also gaining momentum. These hubs have been fostering entrepreneurship and innovation by providing access to capital, resources, and talent.

Global mindset: European entrepreneurs have been increasingly adopting a global mindset, targeting international markets and building connections with VC firms and accelerators in the US and Asia. This has helped European startups to scale faster and attract more significant investments.

Increased funding: The European VC landscape has seen increased funding levels, with more significant funding rounds and a growing number of active VC firms. This has enabled startups to access more capital and resources to fuel their growth.

Corporate venture capital: Many large European corporations have established their venture capital arms or innovation labs to collaborate with startups and invest in promising technologies. This has helped expand the overall pool of available capital and resources for startups in the region.

Government support: European governments have been supportive of the startup ecosystem, providing various initiatives such as grants, tax incentives, and R&D funding. These measures have helped attract and retain entrepreneurs, as well as encourage investment from both domestic and foreign VC firms.

Impact investing: There has been a growing trend towards impact investing in Europe, with more VC firms and investors focusing on startups that address social and environmental challenges. This focus on sustainability and social impact has helped differentiate the European VC landscape from other regions.

Why it is worthy to start your own VC?

Embarking on the journey of starting your own venture capital (VC) firm is a courageous step, you are committing to making a meaningful impact on the lives of entrepreneurs and the future of innovation.

  1. Be at the forefront of innovation: As a venture capitalist, you have the opportunity to discover and invest in cutting-edge technologies and ideas that can transform industries and the way we live. This puts you in a unique position to shape the future and play a role in driving technological advancements.
  2. Make a tangible impact: By providing much-needed capital and resources, you can help startups grow from an idea to a successful business. Your investments can generate employment, stimulate economic growth, and contribute to a more prosperous and innovative society.
  3. Foster entrepreneurship: Your VC firm can serve as a catalyst for entrepreneurship by supporting founders who might otherwise struggle to secure funding. By backing these entrepreneurs, you help to create a thriving ecosystem that encourages innovation and risk-taking.
  4. Build a diverse portfolio: Investing in a wide range of companies across various industries and stages allows you to build a diversified portfolio, which can help manage risk and potentially yield higher returns. As a VC, you can leverage your insights and experience to identify promising investment opportunities that align with your firm's objectives.
  5. Leverage your expertise and network: With your industry knowledge, business acumen, and connections, you can offer valuable guidance and support to your portfolio companies. This mentorship role can help startups overcome challenges, develop new strategies, and ultimately succeed in the competitive business landscape.
  6. Create lasting relationships: The venture capital world is built on strong relationships with entrepreneurs, investors, and other stakeholders. As a VC, you have the opportunity to forge lasting connections that can lead to new investment opportunities, partnerships, and collaborations throughout your career.
  7. Achieve financial success: While venture capital can be a high-risk, high-reward industry, the potential for significant returns on your investments is a strong motivator. By identifying and nurturing successful startups, you can realize substantial financial gains for both your firm and its investors.
  8. Personal and professional growth: The dynamic nature of venture capital allows you to continually learn, grow, and adapt. The constant exposure to new ideas, industries, and challenges can help you develop a diverse skillset and expand your knowledge base, making you a more versatile and effective business leader.

Starting your own VC firm is not without its challenges, and it requires a significant amount of time, effort, and capital. However, if you are passionate about innovation, have a keen eye for identifying promising startups, and possess the drive to make a meaningful impact, launching a venture capital firm can be a fulfilling and rewarding pursuit.

Some key obstacles you may face as a new VC firm:

Running a VC firm comes with its share of obstacles, such as raising funds and building a strong reputation. Remember, you're not alone in facing these challenges, and with determination and resilience, you can turn them into opportunities for growth and success.

  1. Raising funds: One of the most significant challenges in starting a VC firm is raising the initial capital required to invest in startups. This typically involves soliciting commitments from limited partners (LPs), such as high-net-worth individuals, pension funds, endowments, or other institutional investors. Convincing LPs to trust your investment strategy and capabilities can be difficult, especially if you lack a proven track record or established brand in the industry.
  2. Building a reputation: The VC landscape can be highly competitive, and new entrants often struggle to differentiate themselves and build a solid reputation. Gaining credibility and trust among entrepreneurs and co-investors is crucial for sourcing quality deals and securing partnerships.
  3. Sourcing investment opportunities: Identifying promising startups to invest in is a critical aspect of running a VC firm. It requires extensive research, due diligence, and deal sourcing efforts to find companies with high growth potential. New VC firms may face challenges in accessing the best opportunities, as they often compete with more established players with extensive networks and resources.
  4. Deal execution: Negotiating terms, performing due diligence, and closing deals can be complex and time-consuming. New VC firms may face challenges in establishing efficient processes and building a strong team with the necessary expertise to navigate these tasks.
  5. Portfolio management: Managing a portfolio of investments requires continuous monitoring, guidance, and support to ensure that startups grow and succeed. New VC firms may struggle to provide the appropriate level of support, particularly if they lack experience in specific industries or stages of development.
  6. Managing risk: Venture capital is a high-risk, high-reward industry, and new firms must develop strategies for managing and mitigating risks. This includes constructing a diversified portfolio, conducting thorough due diligence, and understanding market trends and cycles.
  7. Talent acquisition and retention: Building a strong team is critical to the success of any VC firm. Attracting and retaining top talent can be challenging for new firms, especially given the competition for experienced professionals in the industry.
  8. Generating returns: Ultimately, the success of a VC firm is measured by its ability to generate returns for its investors. This requires skillful management of the portfolio, successful exits, and strong performance over time. New VC firms may face challenges in consistently delivering attractive returns, particularly in the early years.
  9. Compliance and regulation: VC firms must navigate a complex landscape of regulations and compliance requirements that vary by jurisdiction. This can be a daunting task, especially for new firms that may lack the necessary resources or expertise.

Despite these challenges, many aspiring venture capitalists have successfully established their own firms by developing a strong investment thesis, building a dedicated team, and cultivating a robust network of entrepreneurs and investors. With persistence, diligence, and a keen eye for opportunity, it is possible to overcome these obstacles and build a successful VC firm.

What is a  business model for a VC?

By nurturing innovative startups and fostering their growth, your VC firm can create shared value for all stakeholders – enriching the lives of entrepreneurs, generating returns for investors, and contributing to a brighter future. Here's a simplified earning model for a venture capital firm:

Management fees: Management fees are an annual fee, usually a percentage of the total assets under management (AUM), paid by the limited partners (LPs) to the VC firm for managing the investments. Management fees typically range from 1.5% to 2.5% of AUM per year. These fees are used to cover the operating expenses of the VC firm, such as salaries, office space, and other costs.

Assuming a VC firm has 100 million EUR  in AUM and charges a 2% management fee, the annual management fees would be:

Management fees = AUM * Management fee rate Management fees = 100,000,000EUR * 0.02 Management fees = 2,000,000 EUR

Carried interest: Carried interest is the VC firm's share of the profits generated by the investments in its portfolio. It's typically a percentage of the total profits after the initial capital invested by the LPs has been returned. Carried interest usually ranges from 20% to 30%.

To calculate the carried interest, you'll first need to estimate the total profits generated by the investments in the portfolio. This can be difficult to predict, as it depends on the success of the individual startups and the exit strategies, such as acquisitions or IPOs.

Assuming the VC firm's investments have generated a total profit of 200 million EUR, and the firm has a 20% carried interest:

Carried interest = Total profits * Carried interest rate Carried interest =    

200,000,000 EUR * 0.20 Carried interest =  40,000,000 EUR

In this example, the VC firm would earn 40 million EUR in carried interest.

The total earnings for the VC firm would be the sum of management fees and carried interest. Using the figures calculated above:

Total earnings = Management fees + Carried interest Total earnings =

2,000,000 EUR + 40,000,000 EUR Total earnings = 42,000,000 EUR

In this simplified model, the VC firm would earn 42 million EUR in total, comprising 2 million EUR in management fees and 40 million EUR in carried interest.

Keep in mind that this is a simplified model, and actual VC firm earnings can vary significantly depending on various factors such as the success of the portfolio companies, the size of the fund, the fee structure, and the time horizon of the investments.


Operating a venture capital firm presents a unique opportunity to contribute significantly to the innovation ecosystem and foster growth across industries. By investing in and supporting visionary startups, you play a vital role in shaping the future and driving advancements. Embrace the challenges with determination and strategic thinking, understanding that your expertise and guidance can propel businesses towards success and create value for all stakeholders. If you're considering this rewarding and impactful venture, trust in your skills and take the bold step to establish a venture capital firm that cultivates innovation, nurtures entrepreneurs, and fosters economic growth.